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SMP pktqueue


This sample application performs a simplified network layer forwarding function (essentially checksum calculation from IP Header Validation) of the Internet protocol suite specified in RFC1812 “Requirements for IP Version 4 Routers” which can be found at http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc1812.html. This application provides an indication of the potential performance of a microprocessor in an IP router system.

At the beginning of the application the array (size defined in SIZE_OF_QUEUE) of packet headers is initialized. Each header contains some random data of size defined in SIZE_OF_HEADER and calculated crc16 header checksum in appropriate field defined by CRC_BYTE_1 and CRC_BYTE_2. The contents of header follows:

0 - 3

4 - 7

8 - 15

16 - 31



Type of Service

Total Length



Fragment Offset

Time to Live


Header Checksum

Source Address

Destination Address



The headers then are stored in multiple “sender” queues (the number is defined in QUEUE_NUM). After that for each pair of “sender”/”receiver” queues one thread is created, which will control “sender” queue processing.

Then in each queue-related thread several(defined in THREADS_NUM) threads are created. Each of them first pick the header from “sender” queue, calculates crc and if crc is correct put the header to “receiver” queue. Only one thread in a time can access to sender or receiver queue.

As soon as all headers in each pair of queues are moved from “sender” to “receiver” queue the execution of threads(related to pair) are terminated.

By changing the value of CONFIG_MP_NUM_CPUS on SMP systems, you can see that using more cores takes almost linearly less time to complete the computational task.

You can also edit the sample source code to change the number of parallel executed pairs of queues(QUEUE_NUM), the number of threads per pair of queues(THREADS_NUM), the number of headers in queue (SIZE_OF_QUEUE), and size of header in bytes (SIZE_OF_HEADER).

Building and Running

This project outputs total time required for processing all packet headers. It can be built and executed on QEMU as follows:

west build -b qemu_x86_64 samples/smp_pktqueue
west build -t run

Sample Output

Simulating IP header validation on multiple cores.
Each of 2 parallel queues is processed by 3 threads on 2 cores and contain 5000 packet headers.
Bytes in packet header: 24

Application ran successfully.
All 20000 packet headers were processed in 89 msec